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                              CALENDER OF EVENTS - WORLD WAR ONE

    THE WORLD AT WAR - a chronological list of events, BIG and small.

    This list has been complied from MANY sources over the last 10 years.
    Some sources disagreed on particular dates of an event so we took the
    date that was in the majority. If you find a glaring error, please
    advise us.
    Every time we read a book and saw an interesting event with date, we
    entered it. It is an ONGOING effort and will continue as I read books.
    This is for the reader's enjoyment.
    Richard H. Keller for  GWM - 2009


                                  Important events prior to August 1914

    JUNE 28, 1914: Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to throne of
    Austria-Hungary, and his wife, are assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia,

    JULY 28, 1914: Austria declares war on Serbia.

    JULY 29, 1914: Russia mobilization ordered.


                                                      AUGUST  1914


    1.  Germany declares war on Russia, France & Germany mobilization
    ordered.

    2.  Germany demands free passage through Belgium, occupies Luxembourg,
    French fliers throw bombs in Nurnberg neighborhood.

    3.  Belgium rejects Germany's demand for passage, France declares war
    on Germany, Germany declares war on France. German cruiser "Augsburg"
    shells Libau, and cruisers "Goeben" and Breslau" bombard Algerian
    ports

    4.  Belgium & Great Britian declare war on Germany & Germany declares
    war on Belgium.  Troops under Gen. Von Kluck cross Belgium Border,
    halted at Liege.  Kitchener becomes Secretary of War. U.S.declares
    neutrality.

    5.  President Wilson tenders offices of United States in interest of
    peace. Austrians bombard Belgrade.

    6.  Austria declares war on Russia, Serbia declares war on Germany.
    Germans occupy Briey near Metz

    7.  Russia declares war on Germany, French forces invade Alsace, Gen.
    Joffre given supreme command of French Army. BEF lands at Ostend,
    Calais and Dunkirk. Germans take Liege by storm.

    8.  Montenegro declares war on Austria. British seize Togoland.

    9.  Austria declares war on Montenegro, Montenegro declares war on
    Germany. 4000 Belgium prisoners taken at Liege.  British air cross
    channel patrols instituted for protection of transports.

    10. French Vosges offensive begins.

    11.  German cruisers Goeben and Breslau enter Dardanelles and are
    purchased by Turkey

    12.  France  & Great Britian declare war on Austria

    13.  English attack on Daressalam. RFC squadrons 2-5(56 aircraft) fly
    from Dover to Amiens.

    14.

    15.  Liege forts reduced by "Big Bertha" 42CM guns

    16.  French defeated at Morhange, British (BEF) lands in France,
    Russia advanced in East Prussia.

    17.  Belgium capital removed from Brussels to Antwerp. Russians
    defeated at Stalluponen

    18.  Submarine "U-15" sunk by English

    19.  Canadian parliament authorizes raising expeditionary force. First
    air reconnaissances by RFC.

    20.  Germans occupy Brussels, French lose 10,000 prisoners in the
    Vosges/Metz area.

    21.

    22.  Start of British battle of Mons & Charleroi. First air-combat,
    British air casualties, and aircraft shot down.

    23.  Japan declares war on Germany

    24.  Germans enter France near Lille, British and French defeated

    25.  Namur falls to Germans. First German aeroplanes shot down by RFC,
    first British aeroplane patrols.

    26.  Louvain sacked and burned by the Germans, Viviani becomes premier
    of France

    27.  Austria declares war on Japan, German victory at Tannenburg over
    Russia.  Eastchurch(RNAS) squadron flies to Ostend.

    28.  Austria declares war on Belgium. British fleet sinks three German
    cruisers and two destroyers off Heligoland. Germans make first
    organized bombing raid on Compiegne.

    29.  Russians invest Konigsberg, East Prussia. New Zealanders seize
    German Samoa

    30.  Amiens occupied by Germans

    31.  Russian army of invasion in East Prussia defeated at Tannenberg
    by Germans under Von Hindenburg. St.Petersburg changed to Petrograd by
    Imperial decree



                                                        SEPTEMBER  1914

    1.  French forces defeated between Verdun and Reims. RNAS establishes
    base at Dunkirk.

    2.  Russians take Lemburg, bank of Paris is moved to Bordeaux, German
    fliers appear over Paris

    3.  German cavalry patrols sighted at Ecouen, 8 miles from Paris.
    Paris placed in state of siege, government transferred to Bordeaux.
    Forts around Soissons fall to Germans

    4.  Germans occupy Rheims without a battle, Pact of London
    signed(Great Brtian, France, Russia declare not to make a separate
    peace w/Germany)

    5.

    6.  Battle of Marne begins after French Army moves to front in
    taxi-cabs, etc..

    7.  Maubeuge falls to Germans with 40,000 prisoners

    8.  Germans withdraw from Ourcq river, English cruiser "Pathfinder"
    sunk by mine in North Sea.

    9.  Japanes fliers throw bombs on Tsingtau

    10. Von Klick defeated by Gen. Joffre, Germans retreat to
    Soissons-Rheims line.  German cruiser carries out raids in Bay of
    Bengal

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.  French re-occupy Amiens and Rheims

    15.  Germans take Amiens, Crown Prinz establishes his headquarters at
    the Citadel, and billets at the Hotel de l'Univers.  First Aisne
    battle begins. First aerial photographs taken of German positions.

    16.  Russians driven from East Prussia

    17.

    18.

    19.  British forces begin operations in Southwest Africa

    20.  Rheims cathedral shelled by Germans

    21.

    22.  Three British cruisers sunk by submarines. First British air raid
    on Germany, airship shed at Dusseldorf. First use of wireless from
    aeroplane to artillery(RFC).

    23.

    24.  Allies occupy Perrone

    25.  Australians seize German New Guinea

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.  Anglo-French forces invade German colony of Kamerun. Antwerp
    bombardment begins

    30.





                                                          OCTOBER  1914

    1.

    2.  British Admiralty announes intentions to mine North Sea areas

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.  Japan seizes Marshall Islands in Pacific. German begin shelling
    Arras, killing many civilians.

    7.

    8.  RNAS raid on Cologne and Dusseldorf Zeppelin Z9 destroyed in its
    shed.

    9.  Antwerp surrenders to Germans, Belgium government moves to Ostend

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13. British occupy Ypres

    14. CEF lands forces at Plymouth

    15.  Great Britian declares war on Bulgaria. Germans occupy Ostend,
    Belgium Government moved to Havre, France

    16. First battle of Ypres begins.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21. Sale of alcohol forbidden in Russian until war ends

    22.

    23.

    24. Falkenhayn made German chief of staff

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                          NOVEMBER  1914

    1.  British cruisers Monmouth and Good Hope are sunk by German
    squadron off Chile

    2.

    3.  Russia declares war on Turkey

    4.

    5.  France & Great Britian declare war on Turkey, Cypress annexed by
    Great Britian

    6.

    7.  German garrison at Tsingtau, Shantung, China surrenders to
    Japanese

    8.

    9.  German cruiser Emden sunk by Australian cruiser Sydney off the
    Cocos Iskand, soutwest of Java, Austria invades Serbia

    10.

    11.  First battle of Ypres ends.

    12.  Circular distinguishing mark replaces Union Jack on British
    Aircraft.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.  Prohibition of sales of intoxicatants in Russia enforced

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.  RNAS raid from Belfort on Zeppelin sheds at Friedrichshafen.

    22.

    23.  Turkey declares war on the Allies, Portugal against
    Germany(Resoultion passed authorizing military intervention as ally of
    England).

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.    Czernowitz, capital of Bukowina, captured by Russians

    28.

    29.    RFC in France organized int 1st and 2nd wings.

    30.

    31.



                                                          DECEMBER  1914

    1.

    2.  Serbia declares war on Turkey, Belgrade occupied by Austrians

    3.  Cracow bombarded by Russians

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.  Off the Falkland Islands, British naval squadron sinks three of
    the German cruisers that sunk the Monmouth and Good Hope, only the
    Dresden escapes.

    9.  French government returns to Paris

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.  Austrians evacuate Belgrade

    15.

    16.  German squadron bombards Hartlepool, Scarborough and Whitby on
    the coast of England

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.  Siege of Cracow raised, Russians retire

    24.  First German air raid on England near Dover.

    25.  British seaplane raid on Cuxhaven first use of seaplane carriers
    in war

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                          JANUARY  1915

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6. Sale of absinthe forbiden in France during the war.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.  First airship raid on England(L.3 and L.4)

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.  British fleet sinks battle cruiser Blucher and drives away German
    fleet in the North Sea

    25.  Second Russian invasion of Prussia begins

    26.

    27.

    28.  American bark, "William P. Frye", sunk by German cruiser "Prinz
    Eitel Friedrich" in South Atlantic

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                          FEBRUARY 1915

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10. Russians defeated by Germans in Battle of Masurian Lakes. U.S.
    sends note to Germany holding it to "strict accountability" for
    destruction or loss of it's ships and U.S. lives

    11. Germans begin submarine blockade of British Isles

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17. LZ 24 German Airship lost in forced landing on Fano Island,
    Denmark,
    16 men interned.

    18. Official German notice of "war zone blockade" of Britian

    19. R.N.A.S aircraft assist at bombardment of Dardanelles forts.

    20. U.S. sends note to Great Britian and Germany regarding conduct of
    naval warfare

    21. Zeppelin L.Z.77 brought down at 9:15 PM near Revigny by a French
    75MM truck mounted anti-aircraft battery.  First night raid by one
    aircraft over England

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25. Allied fleet destroys outer forts of Dardanelles

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                            MARCH  1915

    1.  British annouce blockade of Germany

    2.  Allied troops land at Kum-Kale, on Asiatic side of the
    Dardanelles

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10. British troops take Neuve Chapelle in Flanders battle, using plan
    based on aerial photographs, using air bombing to disorganize
    reinforcements, battery ranging from air by wireless, and first
    attempt at air "contact" patrols

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14. German cruiser Dresden is sunk by British squadron of the coast of
    Chile

    15. First British merchant ship attacked at sea by aircraft.

    16. Second battle of Ypres begins.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.  Austrian fortress of Przemysl surrenders to Russians

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.  H.M.S. MANICA, carring first British kite balloon used in war,
    sent to Dardanelles

    28.  British "Falaba" sunk by submarine, 1 American killed

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                            APRIL  1915

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17. (to 22nd) Capture of Hill 60, British air patrols result in
    surprise of enemy.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.  Germans use poison gas in attack on Canadians & French forces at
    Ypres, Belgium

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.  American ship "Cushing" attacked by German aeroplane

    29.

    30.





                                                              MAY  1915

    1.  American steamer Gulflight torpedoed off Sicily Isles by German
    submarine, 3 lives lost.  German Embassy warns against British ships
    embarking for Great Britian during blockade. At 12:20 P.M. "Lusitania"
    set sail.

    2.  British South Africa troops under General Botha capture
    Otymbinque, German Southwest Africa

    3.  German victory over Russians in battle of Dunajec

    4.

    5.  LZ 33 German airship lost in forced landind at Tirlemont after
    gunfire damage over Nieuport during attempted raid on England.

    6.

    7.  Germans capture Libau, Russian Baltic port, Lusitania, Cunard
    ocean liner, sunk by German submarine off Kinsale Head, Irish coast,
    with loss of 1154 lives, 114 of which are Americans

    8.  Germans occupy Libau, Russian Baltic port

    9.

    10. German message on loss of American lives in "Lusitania horror"

    11.

    12. General Botha's South African troops occupied German capital of
    Southwest Africa

    13. America sends note protesting against German submarine methods

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17. Second battle of Ypres ends.

    18.

    19.  Portugal declares war on Germany(Military aid granted)

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.  Italy declares war on Austria

    24.  San Marino declares war on Austria, Italy declares war on
    Austria-Hungary and begins invasion on 60-mile front. American steamer
    Nebraskan torpedoed by German submarine off Irish coast, but reaches
    Liverpool safely

    25.  American ship "Nebraskan" attacked by submarine

    26.

    27.

    28.  Germany answers U.S. note of May 13th

    29.

    30.

    31.  German Zepplins bombard suburbs of London



                                                              JUNE  1915

    1.  Germans apologize for attack on Gulflight and offer reparations

    2.  Italians cross Isonzo river

    3.  Austrians recapture Przemysl.  British forces operating on Tigris
    capture Kut-el-Amara

    4.  German aircraft bomb english towns

    5.  German aircraft bomb English towns

    6.  German aircraft bomb English towns

    7.  Bryan, U.S.Secretay of State resigns

    8.

    9.  U.S. sends second note on "Lusitania" sinking

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.  Allied aircraft bomb Karlsruhe, Baden in retaliation for German
    air raids

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.  Lemberg recaptured by Austrians

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.  Montenegrins enter Scutari, Albania

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.


                                                              JULY  1915

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.  German's answer June 9th U.S. note pledging safety to U.S. vessels
    in war zone under "specified conditions"

    9.  German Southwest Africa surrenders to British South African troops
    under Gen. Botha

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15. German note expressing regret for attack on U.S. ship "Nebraskan"

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21. U.S sends third note on "Lusitania" sinking declaring that
    Germany's note of July "very unsatisfactory"

    22.

    23.

    24. Germans first use flame throwers at Hooge Crater

    25. American steamer, Leelanaw, Archangel to Belfast with flax,
    torpedoed off Scotland, no lives lost

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.  Baden bombarded by French aircraft



                                                            AUGUST  1915

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.  Warsaw captured by Germans

    6.  Ivangorod occupied by Austrians. Gallipoli Peninsula campaign
    enters a second stage with the debarkation of a new force of British
    troops in Suvla Bay, on the west of the peninsula. LZ 28 German
    airship force landed at Plungiany, Russia, due to gunfire damage over
    Dunamunde. Dismantled by Aug 16, 1918. one man severely injured.

    7.

    8.  Russians defeat German fleet of 9 battleships and 12 cruisers at
    entrance of Gulf of Riga

    9.

    10. LZ43 German airship towed into Ostend after gunfire damage over
    England and burned while being dismantled.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15. National registration begins in Great Britian

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.  "Arabic", White Star liner, sunk by submarine off Fastnet 44
    lives lost, 2 Americans

    20.

    21.  Italy declares war on Turkey

    22.

    23.

    24.  Germany sends note expressing regret for loss of lives in
    "Arabic" sinking

    25.  Brest-Litovsk, Russian fortress, captured by Austro-Germans

    26.

    27.

    28.  Italians reach Cima Cista, northeast of Trent

    29.

    30.  British submarine attacks Constantinople and damages the Galata
    Bridge

    31.  Lutsk, Russian fortress, captured by Austrians


                                                        SEPTEMBER  1915

    1.  German ambassador assures U.S. that German submarines would sink
    no liners "without warning"

    2.  Grodno, Russian Fortress, occupied by Germans

    3.  LZ40 German airship struck by lightning and fell in flames off
    Neuwerk Island. No survivors, 19 dead.

    4.  Allan liner "Hesperian" sunk by German submarine, 26 lives lost, 1
    American

    5.

    6.  Czar Nicholas of Russia assumes command of Russian armies, Grand
    Duke Nicholas is transferred to Caucasus

    7.  German note on "Arabic" sinking

    8.  U.S. demands recall of Austro-Hungarian ambassador

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.  Pinsk occupied by Germans

    16.

    17.

    18.  Vilna evacuated by Russians

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.  Lutsk recaptured by Russians

    25.  Allies open Loos offensive on western front and occupy Lens

    26.

    27.  Lutsk again falls to Germans

    28.

    29.

    30.





                                                          OCTOBER  1915

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.  Greece becomes political storm center with Franco-British forces
    landing at Solonika, Greek ministry resigns. German note disavowed
    responsibility for sinking "Arabic" and offer to pay indemnities

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.  Belgrade again occupied by Austro-Germans

    10.

    11. Zaimis, new Greek premier, announces policy of armed neutrality

    12. Edith Cavell, English nurse, shot by Germans for aiding British
    prisoners to escape from Belgium

    13. London bombarded by Zeppelins, 55 people killed, 114 injured

    14.  Bulgaria declares war on Serbia, Italians capture Pregasina, on
    the Trentino frontier

    15.  Great Britian declares war on Bulgaria

    16.  France declares war on Bulgaria, Serbia declares war on Bulgaria

    17.

    18.  Bulgarians cut the Nish-Salonika railroad at Vranja

    19. Russia & Italy declare war on Bulgaria

    20. German note to U.S. on evidence in "Arabic" case

    21.

    22. Uskub occupied by Bulgaria

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.  Pirot captured by Bulgarians

    29.  Briand becomes premier of France, succeeding Viviani. Germans
                start Ypres Offensive.

    30.  British lose Gheluvelt to Germans

    31.  British 1st Corps recaptures Gheluvelt



                                                          NOVEMBER  1915

    1.  Wytschaete Ridge lost to Germans

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.  Nish, Serbian war capital, captured by Bulgarians

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.  Ancona, Italian liner, torpedoed in Mediterranean

    10. Germans fire-bomb Ypres, then continually bombard the town into
              ruins through Nov 23, 1915

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.  Anglo-French war council holds first meeting in Paris. LZ52
    German airship burned in inflation accident in "Toska" shed in
    Tondern, 1 dead, 7 injured

    18.

    19.

    20.  Novibazar occupied by German troops

    21.

    22.  Ctesiphon, near Bagdad, captured by British forces in Asia minor

    23.  Italians drive Austrians from positions on Carso Plateau

    24.  Serbian government transferred to Scutari, Albania

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                          DECEMBER  1915

    1. British Mesopotamian forces retire to Kut-el-Amara

    2. Monastir captured by Central powers, Serbians evacuate

    3. U.S. demands recall of German Naval & Military attache

    4. Henry Ford, with party of peace advocates, sails for Europe on
    chartered steamer "Oscar II" with object of ending the war

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9. Allied retreat in Macedonia

    10.

    11.

    12. Serbia in enemy hands, Allied forces abandon last positions and
    retire across Greek border

    13.

    14.

    15. Sir Douglas Haig succeeded Sir John French in command of British
    Army in France and Flanders

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19. British withdraw from Anzac and Sulva Bay on Gallippoli, endind
    Dardanelles expedition

    20.

    21. Robertson becomes British Chief of Staff

    22. Henry Ford returns to U.S.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                          JANUARY  1916

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11. Greek island of Corfu falls to French

    12.

    13. Cettinje, capital of Montenegro, falls

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.  Scutari, Albania, taken by Austrians

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.  German Zeppelins bomb Paris and London

    30.

    31.



                                                          FEBRUARY  1916

    1. "Appam", British liner, brought into Norfolk, Va., by German prize
    crew

    2. LZ54 German airship lost in Noth Sea returning from raid on
    England, 16 dead, no survivors

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9. General Smuts appointed to East Africa

    10. German note to neutral powers that armed merchant ships will be
    sunk without warning.  British conscription law goes into effect

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15. Secretary Lansing states that commercial vessels had right to
    carry arms in "self-defence"

    16. Russians capture Erserum in Turkish Armenia.

    17. LZ 27 German airship lost in forced landing at Blaavands Huk,
    Denmark, 11 interned, 4 missing.

    18.

    19. Kamerum, German colony in Africa, taken by British

    20.

    21. Battle of Verdun commences, Germans take Haumont

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25. Ft. Douamont falls to Germans in Verdun battle

    26.

    27. Durazzo, Albania, occupied by Austrians

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                            MARCH  1916

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5. "Moewe", German raider, reaches home port after cruise of several
    months

    6.

    7.

    8.  German ambassador sends memorandum claiming that submarines were
    not bound by international law

    9.  Germany declares war on Roumania and Portugal(after they refuse to
    give up seized ships)

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.  Austria-Hungary declares war with Portugal

    16.  Admiral von Tirpitz dismissed

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24. French ship "Sussex" torpedoed without warning, about 80 people
    killed or wounded(no Americans)

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31. Melancourt taken by Germans in Verdun battle



                                                            APRIL  1916

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10. German note on sinking of "Sussex"

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18. Russians capture Trebizond on Black Sea. U.S. note tells Germany
    that unless present methods of submarine warfare were abandoned,
    diplomatic relations would be severed

    19. President Wilson addresses Congress on relations with Germany

    20. Russian troops land in Marseille for service with French on
    Western front

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24. Rebellion breaks out in Dublin, Ireland. Republic declared,
    Patrick Pearse announce first president

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29. General Townshend's force of 9,000 British soldiers surrender to
    Turks at Kut-el-Amara

    30. Irish rebellion ends with unconditional surrender of Pearse and
    other leaders, who are tried by Court-martial and executed





                                                              MAY  1916

    1.

    2.

    3. LZ59 German airship forced landing in Norway after raid on England.
    6 repatriated, 10 interned

    4. German note acknowledges sinking of "Sussex". LZ32 German airship
    shot down in flames off Horns Reef by H.M. cruisers "Galetea" and
    "Phaeton". Finished off by  H.M. submarine E.31. Eleven dead, seven
    prisoners.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8. U.S. reply to German note of May 4th states that the U.S. would not
    make German fulfillment of U.S. conditions dependent upon negotiations
    between U.S. and other powers. "Cymric", White Star liner torpedoed
    off Irish coast

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14. Italian positions penetrated by Austrians

    15. Vimy ridge gained by British

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24. British conscription bill passed

    25.

    26. Bulgarians invade Greece and occupy forts on the Struma

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31. Naval battle of Jutland, heavy losses on both sides



                                                              JUNE  1916

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5. Lord Kitchner lost at sea when cruiser "Hampshire" is sunk by mine
    off the Orkney Islands, Scotland

    6. Cadorna made Italian Commander-in-Chief. Germans capture Fort Vaux
    in Verdun attack

    7.

    8. Lutsk, Russian fortress, recaptured from Germans

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14. Allied Economic Conference in Paris

    15.

    16.

    17. Czernowitz, capital of Bukowika, occupied by Russians

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21. Mecca taken by Grand Sherif, U.S. demands apology and reparation
    for German attack on American ship "Petrolite". Allies demand Greek
    demobilization

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.  King Constantine demobilizes Greek Army

    28.  Italians storm Monte Trappola, in the Trentino district

    29.

    30.





                                                              JULY  1916

    1.  British and French forces attack north and south of the Somme

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9. "Deutschland", German submarine frieght boat, docks at Baltimore,
    Maryland.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.  British cavalry penetrate German second line

    15.  British capture Longueval on the Somme

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25. Pozieres captured by the British

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.  British and French forces advance between Delville Wood and the
    Somme

    31.



                                                            AUGUST  1916

    1.

    2.

    3.  French recapture Fleury

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.  Italians capture Goritzia

    10. Stanislau captured by Russians

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25. Kavala, Greek seaport, taken by Bulgarians

    26.

    27.  Roumania declares war on Austria(Allies of Austria also consider
    it a declaration)

    28.  Italy declares war on Germany. Von Hindenburg made German Chief
    of Staff

    29.  Austria declares war on Roumania

    30. Roumanians advance in Transylvania

    31. Bulgaria declares war on Roumania, Turkey declares war on Roumania



                                                        SEPTEMBER  1916

    1.

    2. Bulgarian forces invade Roumania along the Dobrudja frontier

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13. Italians defeat Austrians on the Carso

    14.  Germany declares war on Roumania

    15.  First use of tanks by British, capturing Flers, Courcelette, and
    other German positions

    16. LZ 31 German airship burned in Fuhlsbuttel shed in an inflation
    accident.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24. LZ74 German airship shot down in flame at Graet Burstead y British
    aircraft, 22 dead, no survivors. LZ76 forced down by gunfire at Little
    Wigborough, 22 prisoners.

    25.

    26. Combles and Thiepval captured by British and French

    27.

    28.

    29. Roumanians begin retreat from Transylvania

    30.





                                                          OCTOBER  1916

    1.

    2. LZ72 German airship shot down in flames at Potters Bar by British
    aircraft, 19 dead, no survivors.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7. German submarine sinks British steamer off American coaat

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24. Ft.Douaumont recaptured by French

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28. British steamer "Marina" sunk without warning, 6 Americans lost

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                          NOVEMBER  1916

    1.  "Deutschland", German merchant submarine, arrives at New London,
    Conneticutt

    2.  Ft.Vaux evacuated by Germans

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.  Woodrow Wilson re-elected President

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13. British advance along the Ancre

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18. Serbians and French capture Monastir, evacuated by Germans and
    Bulgarians

    19.

    20.

    21. Charles I suceeds Francis Josef as Emperor of Austria.
    "Britannic", mammouth British hospital ship, sunk by mine in Agean sea

    22.

    23. German warships bombard English coast

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27. LZ78 German airship shot down in flames off Hartlepool by British
    aircraft, 20 dead, no survivors

    28.  Provisional Government of Greece declares war on Germany &
    Bulgaria. Roumanian government transferred to Jassy. LZ61 German
    airship shot down in flames off Lowestoft by British planes after raid
    on England, 17 dead, no survivors.

    29.  U.S. protested against Belgian deportations. Sir David Beatty
    takes command of British Grand Fleet.  "Minnewaska", Atlantic
    transport liner, sunk by mine in Mediterranean

    30.

    31.



                                                          DECEMBER  1916

    1. Allied troops enter Athens to insist upon surrender of Greek arms
    and munitions

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5. Asquith ministry fell, Lloyd George new Prime Minister

    6. Bucharest, capital of Roumania, captured by Austro-Germans

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12. German peace proposals

    13. Joffre relieved by General Nivelle

    14. British ship "Russian" sunk in Mediterranean, 17 Americans lost.

    15. French retake ground captured by Germans at Verdun

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20. President Wilson's peace note to belligerents

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26. German reply to Wilson's peace note suggesting peace conference

    27.

    28. LZ53 and LZ69 German airshipd burned in "Toska" shed by accident

    30. German peace offer answered by French on behalf of "Allies" and
    refused "empty and insincere"

    31.



                                                          JANUARY  1917

    1.  Turkey denounced Berlin treaty and declares independence of
    suzerainty of European powers.  "Ivernia", Cunard liner, sunk in
    Mediterranean.  German submarines and mines have sunk 5,034,000 tons
    of Allied shipping to this date.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10. Allied governments state peace terms, demnading from Germany
    "restoration, reparation, indemnities".

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22. President Wilson suggests to belligerents a "peace without
    victory"

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.  Germany announces unrestricted submarine warfare.



                                                          FEBRUARY  1917

    1.  Germany begins "unrestricted" U-boat warfare in war zone around
    British Isles

    2.

    3.  America breaks with Germany and dismisses Count Von Bernstorff

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.  "Californis", Anchor line, is sunk off Irish coast. LZ82 German
    airship lost in forced landing at Rehben-an-der Aller after severe
    damage in crash on ice of Weser Estuary

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13. "Afric", White Star liner sunk by submarine

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17. British troops on the Ancre capture German positions

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24. General Sir Stanley Maude retakes Kut-el-Amara

    25. "Laconia", Cunard liner, sunk off Irish coast

    26. President Wilson asks authority to arm merchant ships

    27.

    28. "Zimmermann note" made public, in which Germany proposes an
    alliance with Mexico, offering as a reward the return of Mexico's lost
    territories in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Submarine campaign of
    Germans results in the sinking of 134 vessels in February

    29.

                                                            MARCH 1917
    1.

    2.

    3. British advance on Baupaume. Mexico denies having received offer
    from Germany

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8. Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin dies

    9.

    10. Russian Czar suspends sittings of the Duma

    11. British forces under Gen. Maude capture Bagdad. Revolutionary
    movement starts in Petrograd

    12. Revolution in Russia

    13.

    14.  China breaks with Germany

    15.  Czar Nicholas abdicates, Prince Lvoff heads new cabinet

    16.

    17. Baupaume falls to British, Roye and Lassigny occupied by French.
    LZ86 German airship shot down in flames by AA fire at Compiegne,
    Framce. 17 dead, no survivors.,

    18. Peronne, Chaulnes, Nesle, and Noyon evacuated by Germans, who
    rretire on 85 mile front to Hindenburg Line. "City of Memphis",
    "llinois", and "Vigilancia", American ships, torpedoed

    19. Alexander Ribot becomes French premier, suceeding Briand

    20.

    21. "Healdton", American ship, bound from Philadelphia to Rotterdam,
    sunk without warning, 21 men lost

    22. U.S. formally recognizes new Russian government

    23.

    24. American minister and Relief Commission withdraw from Belgium

    25.

    26. British begin advance on Cambrai

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31. At this date, the Regular U.S. Army stands at 128,000 men, and the
    National Guard at 182,535 men.



                                                            APRIL  1917

    1.  "Aztec", American armed merchantman, sunk in submarine zone. LZ41
    German airship decommissioned in Hage, dismantled there beginning Nov
    24, 1917.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.  "Missourian", American steamer, sunk in Mediterranean

    6.  United States declares War on Germany

    7.  Cuba & Panama declare war on Germany

    8.  Austria-Hungary severs relations with U.S.

    9. Germans retreat before British on long front. Bolivia breaks with
    Germany. Canadians attack Vimy ridge and capture front line.

    10. Canadians secure Vimy ridge after all night figting.

    11.

    12.

    13. Vimy, Givenchy, Bailleul, and positions about Lens taken by
    Canadians

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20. Turkey breaks with the U.S.

    21.  Turkey severs relations with U.S.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30. LZ45 German airship Decommisioned in Hage. Dismantled there
    beginning Dec 11,1917.





                                                              MAY  1917

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.  American destroyers begin to cooperate with British Navy

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9. Liberia breaks with Germany

    10.

    11. Russian Council of Workmen's and Soldiers' Delegates demands peace
    conference

    12.

    13.

    14. LZ64 German airship shot down in flames off Texel by British
    flying boat, 21 dead, no survivors.

    15. General Petain suceeds General Nivelle as French
    Commander-in-Chief. General Foch appointed Chief of Staff

    16. Bullecourt captured by British in the Arras battle

    17. Russian government reconstructed with Kerensky as Minister of War.
    Honduras breaks with Germany

    18. Selective Service act passed in the U.S.

    19. Nicaragua breaks with Germany

    20.

    21.

    22. Italians advance on the carso

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.  General Pershing and 190 American soldiers leave for France on
    board USS Baltic from New York.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                              JUNE  1917

    1. Third battle of Ypres begins(approx.)

    2.

    3. "Root Mission" lands at Vladivostok

    4.

    5. Registration day for new draft army in the U.S.

    6.

    7.  British blow up Messine Ridge, south of Ypres, and capture
    Messines-Wytschaete ridge

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.  King Constantine of Greece forced to abdicate

    13. Pershing reaches France w/his contingent, including Sgt Edward
    Rickenbacker as his chauffer, and 1st Lt. George S. Patton.

    14.LZ92 German airship shot down in flames of Vlieland by British
    aircraft, 24 dead, no survivors

    15. First U.S. "Liberty" Loan, 2 Billion offered, 3 Billion subscribed

    16.

    17. LZ88 German airship crashed at Nordholz, fell at Neuenwald,
    dismantled

    18. Haiti breaks with Germany

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.  First Americans land in France at St.Nazaire, 4,000 Marines &
    11,000 Army, to form the 1st Division, U.S Army regulars, and the 4th
    Marine Brigade of the 2nd Division.

    28.

    29.  Greece enters war against Central Powers, General Allenby made
    commander in Egypt

    30.





                                                              JULY  1917

    1. Last Russian offensive begun by Kerensky in Galacia

    2.  Greece(Government of Alexander) declares war on Bulgaria & Germany

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6. Canadian House of Commons passes Compulsory Military Service Bill

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12. King Constantine of Greece abdicates in favor of his son Alexander

    13.

    14. Bethmann-Hollweg dismissed as German chancellor, succeeded by Dr.
    George Michaelis

    15.

    16.  Russians begin retreat on 155 miles front

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.  Kerensky suceeds Prince Lyov as Premier of Russia. American
    conscription begins with drawing of draft numbers

    21.

    22.  Siam declares war against Germany & Austria

    23.

    24.  Russians defeated in Galacia. Austro-Germans retake Stanislau

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.  Mutiny erupts in German fleet in Wilhelmshaven and Kiel

    31. Franco-British attack penetrates German lines on a 20 mile front



                                                            AUGUST  1917

    1. Pope Benedict XV makes plea for peace on a basis of no annexation,
    no indemmity

    2.

    3.  Czernowitz captured by Austro-Germans

    4.  China & Liberia declare war on Austria & Germany

    5.

    6.

    7.    Liberia declares war on Germany

    8.  Canadian Conscription Bill passes its third reading in Senate

    9.

    10.  Food and Fuel control bill passed by U.S. Congress\

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.  China declares war with Germany and Austria-Hungary

    15.  St.Quentin Cathedral destroyed by Germans, Hill 70(Loos),
    dominating Lens, captured by Canadians

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.  Italians cross the Isonzo and take Austrian positions

    20.

    21.  LZ66 shot down in flames of Lyngvig, Denmark by British plane, 18
    dead. no survivors.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27. President Wilson rejects peace note of Pope Benedict, dated August
    1.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                        SEPTEMBER  1917

    1.

    2.

    3.  Germans capture Riga

    4.

    5. New American National Army begins to assemble in the different
    cantonments

    6.

    7. "Minnehaha", Atlantic transport liner sunk off Irish coast

    8.  "Spurlos Versenkt" dispatches made public

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12. Argentine dismisses Von Luxburg, German minister, on charges of
    improper conduct made public by United States Government

    13.

    14. Paul Painleve becomes becomes French premier, suceeding Ribot

    15. Russian republic proclaimed by Kerensky

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20. Costa Rica breaks with Germany

    21. Gen.Tasker H. Bliss named Chief of Staff of the United States Army

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.  Guynemer, French pilot killed

    26.  Zonnebeke, Polygon Wood and Tower Hamlets east of Ypres, taken by
    British

    27.

    28.  William D. Hayward, secretary, and 100 members of the Industrial
    Workers of the World arrested for sedition

    29.  Turkish Mesopotamian army, under Ahmed Bey, captured by British

    30.





                                                          OCTOBER  1917

    1.  In October, the American Mission Mallet Reserve was organized from
              Americans veterans in France, mostly American Field Service
                  personnel.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.  Peru and Uraguay break with Germany

    7.

    8.

    9.  Poelcapelle and other German positions captured in Franco-British
    attack

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.  Germans complete capture of Oesel and Dago, Russian Islands in
    Gulf of Riga

    17.  "Antilles", American transport, westbound for France, sunk by
    submarine 67 lost

    18.  Moon Island, in Gulf of Riga, taken by Germans

    19.  LZ50 German airship wrecked on landing at Nordholz, 5 injured.

    20.  LZ93 German airship shot down in flames by AA fire at St.Clement,
    France, 18 dead, no survivors

    21.

    22.

    23.  Battery C, 6th U.S.Field Artillery fired the first shot of the
    war for the United States at 6:10 AM near the town of Luneville in the
    Toul Sector. French advance northeast of Soissons

    24.  Italians defeated at Caporetto by Austro-Germans

    25.  Italians retreat across the Isonzo and evacuatr the Bainsizza
    Plateau

    26.  Brazil declares war on Germany

    27.  Second U.S. Liberty Loan, 3 Billion offered, over 4 Billion
    subscribed.  Goritzia recaptured by Austr-Germans

    28.

    29.

    30.  Michaelis dismissed as German chancellor, succeeded by Count
    George F. von Hertling

    31.  By this date, the "FIRST 100,000", designated by a bullion star
    above their overseas stripes, had reached France, to include the 1st,
    2nd, 26th, & 42nd Divisions. Italians retreat to the Tagliamento.
    Beersheba, in Palestine, occupied by British.


                                                          NOVEMBER  1917

    1.  Germans retreat from Chemin de Dames ridge

    2.

    3.    First American casualties of the war.  Three U.S. soldiers of the
    16th Inf., 1st Division killed near Bathalemont in German trench raid.

    4.

    5. Italians abandon Tagliamento line and retire on a 93-mile front in
    the Carnic Alps

    6. Passchendaele captured by Canadians. British Mesopotamian forces
    reach Tekrit, 100 mikes nortwest of Bagdad

    7.  Bolsheviki seize Petrograd, overthrow Kerensky, Lenin and Trotsky
    in power.

    8.

    9.  Italians retreat to the Piave

    10. Lenin becomes Premier of Russia suceeding Kerensky

    11.

    12.

    13. Georges Clemenceau becomes French premier, suceeding Painleve

    14.

    15.

    16. British in Palestine take Jaffa

    17. LZ 62 German airship Decommissioned in Seerappen, broken up 1920,
    parts delivered to Belgium

    18. General Maude dies in Mesopotamia

    19.

    20.

    21. Ribecourt, Flesquieres, Havrincourt, Marcoing and other German
    positions captured by British

    22.

    23. Italians repluse Germans on the whole front from the Asiago
    Plateau to the Brenta River

    24. Cambrai menaced by British, approaching within 3 miles capturing
    Bourlon Wood.  LZ75 German airship decommissioned in Seddin. Broken up
    in 1920, parts delivered to Japan

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29. First plenary session of Interallied War Council held in Paris

    30.

    31.



                                                          DECEMBER  1917

    1. German East Africa reported completely conquered. Allied Supreme
    War Council, representing the United States, France, Great Britian and
    Italy, holds first meeting at Versailles

    2.

    3. Russian Bolsheviki arrange armistice with Germans

    4.

    5.  British retire from Bourlon Wood, Graincourt and other positions
    west of Cambrai

    6. U.S. destroyer "Jacob Jones" sunk by submarine, 60 American lives
    lost.  Steamer "Mont Blanc", loaded with munitions, explodes in
    collision with the "Imo" in Halifax Harbor, 1500 persons killed.

    7.  U.S. declares war on Austria-Hungary. Finland declares
    Independence

    8. Jersusalem, held by Turks for 673 years, surrenders to British
    under Gen. Allenby. Ecuador breaks with Germany

    9.

    10.  Panama declares war on Austria-Hungary

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.  Armistice between Germany and Russia signed at Brest-Litovsk

    16.  Cuba declares war on Austria-Hungary

    17.  Coalition government of Sir Robert Borden is returned and
    conscription confirmed in Canada

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                          JANUARY  1918

    1.    41st U.S.Division arrives in France.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.  U.S. Supreme Court declares Selective Service Act constitutional

    8.  President Wilson sets forth U.S. war aims in "14 points" speech

    9.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14. Premier Clemenceau orders arrest of former Premier Callaux on high
    treason charge

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.  American troops take over sector northwest of Toul

    20.  The First Army Corps organized under Lt.Gen.Hunter Liggett &
    Major General J.T.Dickman. During the Meuse-Argonne offensive in Sept,
    1918, the 28th, 35th, 77th, 82nd, and 92nd Divisions were attached to
    this Corps.  Breslau sunk by British in Dardanelles and Goeben forced
    to run aground.

    21.

    22.  The 2nd Corps organized under Maj.Gen. George W. Read, being
    composed mostly of 27th and 30th Divisions who operated with the 4th
    and 2nd British Army.

    23.

    24.  Hertling replies to President Wilson's War Aims speech

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.  German air raids on London for two nights, revolution in Finland,
    and "White" and "Red" guards clash

    29.  Italians capture Monte di val Belle

    30.  German air raids on Paris

    31.



                                                          FEBRUARY  1918

    1.  Germany recognizes government of Ukraine.  Argentine Minister of
    War recalls military attaches from Berkin and Vienna

    2.

    3.  American troops officially announced on Lorraine front near Toul

    4.

    5.  British transport "Tuscania" torpedoed off Ireland with 2,179 U.S.
    troops on board, 211 of which are lost

    6.  Major General March appointed acting Chief of Staff

    7.

    8.

    9.  Ukraine makes Brest-Litovsk peace treaty with Germany, Bolsheviki
    declare war ends on Feb 19th and demobilization is ordered.

    10.

    11.

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.

    16.

    17.

    18.  Germany declares Russian armistice at end and invade Russia

    19.

    20. 32nd & 42nd Divisions reach France

    21. British capture Jericho

    22. American troops move into Chemin de Dames sector

    23. Turkey begins Caucasus offensive against Russia

    24.

    25.

    26. British hospital ship "Glenart Castle" torpedoed

    27. Japan proposes joint military operations with Allies in Siberia

    28.

    29.

    30.

    31.



                                                            MARCH  1918

    1.  Americans gain signal victory in salient nort of Toul

    2.

    3.  Peace treaty between Bolsheviki government of Russia and the
    Central Powers signed at Brest-Litovsk

    4.

    5. Roumania forced to sign preliminary peace treaty with Germany

    6.

    7. Finland signs peace treaty with Germany

    8.

    9. Russian capital moved from Petrograd to Moscow

    10.

    11. Great German air raid on Paris

    12.

    13. Germans occupy Odessa on Black Sea

    14. Hill 265 of Le Mort Homme captured, which began a bloody ordeal of
    6 months fighting to take and hold the hill.  First concrete ship
    "Faith" launched on Pacific Coast

    15. Brest-Litovsk treaty(signed by Bolsheviki on March 3) ratified by
    Soviet Congress at Moscow

    16.

    17.

    18. Allies denounce Brest-Litovsk Treaty and refuse to accept the
    terms

    19.

    20. President Wilson orders all Holland ships in American ports taken
    over

    21.  First great German drive begins the Somme Offensive on fifty mile
    front from Arras to Le Fere

    22.

    23.  Saturday: German Paris Gun #1 fired on Paris at 75 miles away,
    which is the first time since 1870 that Paris was shelled. First shell
    fell at 0720 hrs 16 rounds were fired.

    24.  Palm Sunday: Paris Gun #1 & #3 continued to shell Paris

    25.  Monday: Paris Gun #1 & #3 shell Paris with Gun #3 exploding at
    round #3, 17 men from the Krupp works were killed or wounded. Only 7
    shots were fired in all.

    26.  Tuesday:  Paris Gun #1 dismantled & sent to Krupp to be rebored.

    27.  Wednesday:  Paris Gun #3 dismantled

    28.  General Foch made Allied Commander-in-Chief of all Allied Forces

    29.  Good Friday: First 4 shots fired from Paris Gun #2. One shot hits
    a the Church of St.Gervias, full of worshippers, killing 60 people,
    the most devastating shot of any fired on Paris.

    30.  Saturday:

    31.  Sunday: Paris gun #2 fires 3 shots.



                                                            APRIL  1918

    1.    Monday: Paris gun #2 fires 4 shots.

    2.    Tuesday: Paris gun #2 fires 4 shots in the morning & evening. It
    refrained from firing in the afternoon as a general funeral was being
    held for those killed at the Church on Good Friday.

    3.    Wednesday: Paris gun #2 fires 3 shots.

    4.    3rd U.S. Division arrive in France

    5.    Japanese forces land at Vladivostok

    6.  Saturday: Paris gun #2 fires 9 shots

    7.  Sunday: Paris gun #2 fires 1 shot, the last of 48 shots fired,
    with gun being condemned.

    8.  Second German offensive in Flanders(Lys) begins on 30 mile front

    9.

    10. First German drive halted before Amiens after 35 mile advance

    11. Thursday: Paris Gun #5 fires 6 shells into Paris, average range
    75.1 miles

    12. Friday:  Paris Gun #5 fires 7 shots.

    13. Saturday: Paris Gun #5 fires 4 shots. 77th U.S.Division arrives in
              France.

    14. Sunday: Paris gun #5 fires 7 shots

    15. Monday: Paris Gun #5 position deluged with shells, firing
    suspended.
          Second German drive halted at Ypres after 10 mile gain

    16. Tuesday: Paris Gun #5 fires 9 shots.    Bolo Pasha(condemned
    February 14th) executed by firing squad for treason against France

    17.

    18.

    19. Friday: Paris Gun #5 fires 3 shots

    20. Saturday:

    21. Sunday: Paris Gun #5 fires 2 shots

    22. Guatemala declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary. British
    naval raid on Zeebrugge and Ostend. German ace, Baron von Richthofen,
    killed by ground fire

    23.

    24.  Wednesday: German tanks are used for the first time in an attack
    on Amiens along with 28 German Divisions.  Paris gun #5 fires 1 shot.

    25.  Thursday:  Paris gun #5 fires 7 shots.  Mt.Kemmel is taken by the
    Germans with 6,000 French prisoners.    The U.S. first Division
    relieves a French division before Amiens.

    26.  Friday: Paris gun fires 2 shots

    27.  Saturday: Paris gun fires 2 shots. Germans launch a general attck
    on the Lys front.

    28.

    29.

    30.  Tuesday: Paris gun fires 3 shots





                                                              MAY  1918

    1. Wednesday: Paris gun fires 3 rounds. The gun was now worn out after
    firing 64 shots. Since March 23rd, 183 shells had been fired, and 8
    air raids dropped 318 bombs since January.  5th U.S.Division arrives
    in France along with 78th Division(in May).

    2.

    3.

    4.  Third U.S. Liberty Loan, 3 billion offered, over 4 billion
    subscribed

    5.

    6.

    7. Roumania signs peace treaty with Central Powers, Nicaragua declares
    war on Germany and her Allies

    8.

    9.    The Third Corps organized, and at the Argonne Offensive consisted
    of the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 33rd, and 80th Divisions.

    10.  27th U.S.Division arrives in France

    11.  35th U.S.Division arrives in France

    12.

    13.

    14.  Italians raid Pola Harbor and torpedo Austrian battleship,
    Caucasia proclaims independence, Kaiser recognizes independence of
    Lithuania, allied to Germany

    15.

    16.

    17.  4th & 82nd U.S.Divisions arrives in France

    18.  28th U.S.Division arrives in France

    19.  Major Roul Lufberry, American aviator, killed

    20. Hill 295 on Le Mort Homme reached.  Overman bill signed

    21. British transport sunk with loss of 53 American soldiers

    22.

    23. Costa Rica declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary

    24. 30th & 33rd U.S.Division arrives in France. Nicaragua declares war
              on Germany.

    25. German submarines begin attacks off American coast, sinking 19
    coastwise vessels

    26.

    27.  Monday: 15 shells from 9.45 " rebored Paris gun #6 kills 4 &
    wounds            20 Parisians. Third German offensive along the Aisne
    begins on 30 mile front between Soisson and Rheims.

    28.  Tuesday: Gun #6 fires 10 shells. 1st Division goes "over the top"
    at 0630 and captures Cantigny.  Germans sweep beyond Chemin de Dames
    and cross the Vesle in Fisme, pushing the Allies back to the Marne.

    29.  Wednesday: At 0645 the American 28th Infantry, with the 26th in
    support, go "over the top" at Cantigny for the first time in an
    offensive operation. Paris gun #6 fires 12 shells.  Soisson evacuated
    by French. LZ79 German airship decommissioned, hung in "Norbert" shed,
    wrecked by air crew on June 23, 1919.

    30.  Thursday: Paris gun #6 fires 9 rounds, killing 12 and wounding 4.
    In the evening, the Germans drop six 220 pound bombs, one 660 pound
    bomb that rocks the city, and four 22 pound bombs on Paris.  80th
    U.S.Division arrives in France.

    31.  Friday: Paris gun #6 fires 6 shells, no casualties. U.S.
    transport "President Lincoln" sunk on return trip to U.S., 23 lives
    lost.  Germans cross Marne, reaching Chateau-Thierry, 40 miles from
    Paris



                                                              JUNE  1918

    1.  Saturday: Paris gun #6 fires 8 shells, no casualties.  another 660
    pound bomb rocks Paris from a giant German bomber. Germans held in
    check at Chateau-Thierry by American troops

    2.  Schooner "Edward H. Cole" torpedoed by submarine off American
    coast

    3.  Monday: Paris gun #6 fires 6 shells, killing 2 & wounding 10.
    American Marines and regulars check German advance at Chateau-Thierry
    and Neuilly after advance of 32 miles. Beginning of American
    co-operation on major scale

    4.  Tuesday: Paris gun #6 fires 4 shells, killing 4 & wounding 16.

    5.

    6.

    7. Friday: Paris gun #6 fires 6 shells, killing 1 & wounding 4

    8. Saturday: Paris gun #6 fires 6 shells, no casualties

    9. Sunday: Paris gun # 6 fires 12 shells, killing 1 & wounding 9.
    Fourth German Offensive begins on 16 mile front between Noyon and
    Montdidier on the Oise, maximun advance is 5 miles

    10. Monday: Paris gun #6 fires 5 shells, killing 3 & wounding 13

    11. Sunday: Paris gun #6 fires it's last single shell, no casualties.
    U.S forces take Belleau Wood

    12.

    13.

    14.

    15.  Austrian offensive against Italy begins

    16.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20. The 4th Corps organized, during the Argonne-Meuse, the 2nd, 5th,
    42nd, 78th, 89th, and 90th Divisions were in this Corps.

    21. Last of 83rd & 89th Divisions arrive in France.

    22.

    23.  37th & 90th U.S.Division arrives in France. Austrians defeated
    and driven back across the Piave River with heavy losses

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.  29th U.S.Division arrives in France

    28.

    29.

    30. American troops in France number 1,019,115 in all departments





                                                              JULY  1918

    1.  American transport "Covington" homeward bound sunk off French
    coast with loss of 6 lives. Vaux taken by Americans

    2.

    3.  General March announces over 1,000,000 U.S. troops are in France

    4.  President Wilson's Mt. Vernon speech.

    5.

    6.

    7.

    8.

    9.

    10. The 5th Corps organized, during the Argonne-Meuse, it consisted of
    the 29th, 32nd, 37th, 79th, and 91st Divisions. Czecho-Slovaks, aide
    by Allies, take control of a long stretch of the Trans-Siberian
    Railway

    11. American supply ship "Westover" torpedoed with loss of 10 lives

    12.  91st U.S.Division arrives in France. Berat, Austrian base in
    Albania, captured by Italians

    13.

    14.

    15.  79th U.S.Division arrives in France. Haiti declares war on
    Germany. Fifth and last German offensive begins in Champagne on 50
    mile front, Second Battle of the Marne.

    16.  Nicholas Romanoff, ex-Czar shot of Russia, executed at
    Yekaterinburg.  Austrian Premier, Burian, states that Austria accepts
    U.S. terms and is ready to discuss peace.

    17.  Duval, editor of "Bonnet-Rouge", executed for treason, in Paris.
    Lt. Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of President Roosevelt, killed in
    aerial battle near Chateau-Thierry

    18.  Foch's Franco-American counterattack begins the Aisne-Marne
    battle

    19.  92nd U.S.Division arrives in France. Honduras declares war on
                Germany.  American cruiser "San Diego" sunk off Fire Island
    with loss of 8 lives

    20.  "Carpathia", Cunard liner, used as transport, torpedoed of Irish
    coast. The "Carpathia" saved most of the "Titanic" survivors ,

    21.

    22.  Honduras declares war on Germany

    23.  6th U.S.Division arrives in France

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29. 42nd U.S. Div. takes Sergy

    30. 32nd U.S. Div. takes Grimpettes woods

    31. 36th U.S.Division & last of 76th Division arrive in France.
    President Wilson takes over telephone and telegraph lines



                                                            AUGUST  1918

    1.  The 6th Corps organized, comprised of 92nd, 88th, 7th, 28th, 5th,
    and 33rd Divisions.

    2.  French retake Soissons

    3.

    4.

    5.  Paris gun fired 17 shots on Paris, U.S. troops land at Archangel

    6.  Paris gun fired 18 shots on Paris, Yanks take Fismes on the Vesle

    7.  Paris gun fired 12 shots on Paris, the 61st from one gun. 77th U.S
              Div. crosses the Vesle

    8.  Paris gun fired 5 shots on Paris. British use 435 tanks to break
    through the lines West of Amiens. This was known as "Black Day" for
    the German Army.  Allies in Picardy take 24,000 men & 300 guns in 3
    days

    9.  Paris gun fired 12 shots

    10. First Army organized under command of General Pershing.

    11. 7th Division arrives in France

    12.  Paris gun was removed, bombardment was over.  85th U.S.Division
    arrives in France.

    13.

    14.

    15.  Yanks and Japanese land at Vladivostok

    16.  Bapaume recaptured. 81st U.S.Division arrives in France.

    17.

    18.

    19.

    20.  French advance between Oise & Aisne. 40th U.S.Division arrives in
                France. 7th Corp organized, consisting of 6th, 81st, and 88th
    Division in the Vosges sector in Sept., 1918.  Le Mort Homme finally
    taken after savage battles.

    21.  Allies recapture Lassigny

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.

    27.

    28.

    29.

    30.  Germans drive across the Somme

    31.  1,533,000 U.S. troops in France



                                                        SEPTEMBER  1918

    1.    Yanks take Voormezeele in Belgium, French retake Peronne

    2.

    3.

    4.    Germans retreat from the Vesle

    5.

    6.    Allies advance on 90 mile front in Picardy, French and U.S. take
                Aisne heights

    7.    39th U.S.Division arrives in France

    8.    British regain positions lost in March, Yanks cross Aisne canal.
    LZ 46 German airship decommissioned. On June 23, 1919 it was wrecked
    by airship crews in Nordholz, "Nora" shed.

    9.      Last of 88th U.S.Division arrives in France.

    10.

    11.

    12.    FIRST all-American offensive at St.Mihiel

    13.

    14.    St.Mihiel salient smashed, 16,000 prisoners, 443 guns taken,
    Yanks              within cannon shot of Metz. 87th U.S.Division arrives in
    France.

    15.    Last night air raid on Paris, 50 planes taking part, dropping 22
                  bombs. Yanks begin advance thru Verdun sector. Austrian peace
    note

    16.

    17.    Allied Macedonian offensive begins

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.    Yanks extend line Westward past Verdun to Vienne le Chateau.
    Bulgaria proposes armistice

    26.    Yanks go "over the top" at 0530 hours to begin first phase of
    the Argonne-Meuse offensive

    27.    Yanks advance in Argonne, British take 45,000 Turks in
    Palestine.

    28.    Yanks take 10,000 prisoners in Argonne. Fourth battle of Ypres
    begins.

    29.    27th & 30th U.S. Div. smash Hindenburg line.

    30.    Bulgaria surrenders to Allies. Damascus captured





                                                          OCTOBER  1918

    1.      French take St. Quentin, 1,976,000 U.S. troops in France

    2.      2nd and 36th U.S. Divisions on Rheims front. "Lost Battalion",
    308th Inf., begins it's 5 day ordeal in Argonne Forest.

    3.      Turks sue for peace

    4.      Argonne advance resumes for second phase of a 27 mile drive, 5th
    U.S. Corps takes Gesnes. King Ferdinand of Bulgaria abdicates

    5.      2nd U.S. Division takes Blanc Mont(Rheims sector), Germans
    abandon              Lille.

    6.

    7.      Austrian note to President Wilson

    8.      5th U.S. Corps takes Fleville in the Argonne, U.S. refuses
                  Armistice, 2nd U.S. Div. takes St.Entienne. "Lost Battalion"
    relieved.  Sgt.Alvin York, Co.G, 328th Inf., captures 4 officers and
    128 men at Chateau-Thierry, to become the highest decorated U.S.
    soldier  of WWI.  Germans send first peace note to President Wilson.

    9.      3rd U.S. Corps takes Brieulles in Argonne, 36th U.S. Div.
    crosses                Aisne. Cambrai retaken

    10.    Allies take Le Cateau, Yanks clear Argonne. 2nd Army formed
    under                Lt.General Robert Lee Bullard.

    11.    U.S. transport Otranto torpedoed

    12.    Second German note to President Wilson

    13.    French take Laon and La Fere

    14.    1st U.S.Corps take Juvin, 5th U.S.Corps smashes Kriemhilde Line,
    Hindenburg line pierced.  Ostend, Lille, and Douai retaken

    15.    British & Belgians cross Lys, taking 12,000 prisoners

    16.

    17.    Allies take Lille, Bruges, Ostend, Zeebrugge

    18.    Czech-Slovaks revolt, seize Prague

    19.    U.S. rejects Austrian peace plan, U.S. 4th Liberty Loan
                  oversubscribed. 38th U.S.Division arrives in France.

    20.    Belgium coast cleared of Germans

    21.    Allies cross the Oise. President Wilson sends note to Austria.
    Germans send third note

    22.    British cross the Scheldt

    23.    U.S. rejects German peace plea, Italian Offensive begins

    24.    Yanks advance to line of Bantheville. Jugo-Slav state proclaimed

    25.    Ludendorff resigns

    26.    Allies capture Aleppo

    27.    Berlin asks for truce terms in fourth note to President Wilson,
    Austria begs for peace

    28.    Vienna begs for separate peace. 86th U.S.Division arrives in
                  France. Italians cross Piave River, Czecho-Slovak State
    proclaimed

    29.    Second Austrian note to President Wilson

    30.    Italians route Austrians, 33,000 prisoners

    31.    Turkey surrenders, Italians take 50,000 Austrians, U.S. has
                  1,977,000 troops in France.


                                                              NOVEMBER  1918

    1.    Final and Third phase of Argonne drive begins. Versailles
    conference opened

    2.

    3.    Austria surrenders to Allies, 37th & 91st U.S.Divisions reach
                Audernarde. Mutiny at Kiel

    4.    Berlin sends truce mission to Foch. Versailles armistice
    agreement made.

    5.    3rd U.S. Corps forces passage of Meuse. President Wilson replies
    to fourth German note

    6.    Allies advancing from Belgium border to Meuse, Yanks occupy
    Sedan,              German retreat line seized, German's get Foch's truce
    terms.

    7.    Bavarian republic proclaimed

    8.    Bavaria deposes King Ludwig

    9.      Yanks fight thru Meuse hills to North of Metz. Revolution in
      Berlin.  10th U.S.Division arrives in France, the last division to
          land.  Balance of 31st Division arrives in France.  Kaiser
    abdicates, Berlin in revolution, State of Wurtemberg proclaimed. LZ91
    German airship decommissioned, wrecked by crews at Nordholz "Nogat"
    shed June 23, 1919.

    10.    Kaiser & crown prince flee to Holland

    11.    Canadians take Mons. Firing along front lines ceases at 1100
    hrs. Armistice Agreement signed in the Railway car of Marshall Foch at
    Compiegne Forrest. One of the German emissaries is reported to have
    said "We do not regard ourselves defeated..."    America's Regular U.S.
    Army numbers 3,638,434 men, of which 2,003,935 were abroad in the
    A.E.F., and 1,634,499 were equipped and training in the United States.
    Over 20,000,000 men were resgistered and ready for induction. The Red
    Cross numbered 19,928,022 members.

    12.    Emperor Charles of Austria abdicates

    13.

    14.    3rd Army(Army of Occupation) formed under Major General Joseph
    T.                Dickman.

    15.    LZ80 German airship broken up at Juterbog

    16.

    17.    State of Hungary proclaimed

    18.

    19.

    20.

    21.

    22.

    23.

    24.

    25.

    26.  The 9th Corps organized, consisting of 33rd, 25th, 79th, and 88th
    Divisions.

    27.

    28.

    29.  The 8th Corps organized, consisting of 6th, 77th, and 81st
    Divisions.

    30.

    31.



                                                          DECEMBER  1918

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